The Nazis were the force behind World War II and the Holocaust, as they are known historically. This culture started with a foundation in fascist and anti-Semitist ideals with a belief that national socialism and a totalitarian state were necessary for the success of the Master Race. They believed that Aryans were superior to other races and discriminated freely based on any race, gender, sex, sexuality, religion, or politics that did not support or meet their ideals of how a society should be. This group began as a small party known as the German Workers Party, but within a matter of 15 years became a force to be reckoned with in occupied Europe as they worked under the rule of Adolf Hitler, one of the most famous Nazis of all time.
The goal of the Nazis was simple: to ethnically cleanse their society, eliminate inferiors, and build a strong master race that could lead to a successful future for Germany. They did this, at first, through simple things like discrimination and imprisonment, but quickly turned to mass murder as their means of achieving their goals. During the period when Hitler was chancellor of Germany (1933-1945), more than 11 million were killed at the hands of the Nazis. Some died of exposure, disease, starvation, or other conditions. Most were simply murdered.
As they began the systematic plan to eliminate these inferiors, the Nazis lacked organization. Through the development of camps, they were able to streamline their hatred and create more order to the cleansing that they had started. This resulted in the death of more than 11 million people in total during the Holocaust period.
The Nazis get their ideology from fascism and anti-Semitism, as well as some anti-Communist and anti-capitalist beliefs. They believed that discrimination based on social class, sex and gender, race, religion, and other factors was necessary in order to weed out those who were inferior to their ideal 'master race', fueled by their inspiration from people like Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Houston Stewart Chamberlain, Georg Ritter von Schonerer and Karl Luger. They favored private property, national solidarity, and a totalitarian government.
The rise and fall of the Nazi Party only lasted about 20 years in total, but it has changed the state of history. There are many today who still follow Nazi ideology, but not in the capacity that caused World War II and the turmoil in Germany during that time.