Hitler and the Holocaust
There are a lot of resources out there that can offer insight on Hitler and the Holocaust, with different viewpoints and facts on the event that took place. This event began in 1933 when Hitler was named chancellor of Germany. It went on for 12 years, until 1945 when the Allied powers defeated Nazi Germany in World War II. Here are some facts about the Holocaust:
-"Holocaust" is a general term that comes from the Greek "holokauston", or sacrifice by fire. To date, it is namely used to describe the events that took place in Europe during Hitler's rule and most people associate the term with this event.
-There were more than 11 million people killed during the Holocaust, including over 1.5 million children, 6+ million Jews, and millions of others who were deemed 'inferior' according to Nazi ideology.
-The Nazis called their plan the "Final Solution", which referred to eliminating the Jews and other inferiors from society to create their Master Race.
-The first discrimination came in the form of boycotting Jewish businesses in 1933. By 1935, the Nuremburg Laws had been established, which stripped Jewish people of their rights as citizens and left room for future legislation.
-In 1938, the first organized night of violence occurred, known as the Night of Broken Glass. This involved the pillaging of Jewish businesses and synagogues, as well as the attack on many Jews themselves. More than 30,000 Jews were arrested and sent to concentration camps on this night.
-Jews were required to wear a Star of David to identify themselves for easy targeting by the Nazis. This began after the invasion of Poland that launched World War II.
-Jewish Germans were forced out of their homes and into large ghettos, where they would share living quarters with other families. Here, they faced poor living conditions, starvation, curfew rules, and eventual deportation to concentration camps. More than 1,000 people per day would be loaded up and sent off, told they were going to labor camps so that they would cooperate.
-In 1943, an attempt was made to 'liquidate' the Warsaw Ghetto. The Jews fought back, however, and withheld the Nazis for 28 days, which is longer than most European countries had been capable of fighting them off. Today, this is known as the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.
-Prisoners sent to extermination and concentration camps were told to undress for a shower. They were then moved into gas chambers, rather than showers, and killed. Auschwitz was the largest camp of this style, recording more than 1.1 million deaths during its operation.