Adolph Hitler

Adolph Hitler (also spelled 'Adolf') is known for being a dictator and an advocate for genocide. He was born in 1889 in Austria to humble beginnings, including childhood dreams of attending art school. As he moved to Germany to avoid Austrian Army recruitment, his interests seem to have changed. He volunteered for the German Army in World War I, and then started a career in politics after the war as a response to his frustration with Germany's surrender. He began in the German Workers' Party, a small private group he quickly took over and renamed as the National Socialist German Workers Party, or Nazi party.
In 1933, he rose to become chancellor, and quickly became a dictator by 1934. His policies and racial cleansing agendas perpetuated the Second World War and the Holocaust. As the 4th of 6 children, Adolph regularly disagreed with his father because of his interest in art and German nationalism. This nationalism would become the foundation for his career and his life in Germany once he became dictator. The Third Reich was created after Hitler's inauguration as chancellor, which allowed him to give his people full legislative powers and deviate from the country's constitution.
Hitler then embarked on his journey of anti-Semitic cleansing and order. He punished military opposition, Jewish peoples, and those who were against the Nazi party. The Jews were the focus of the cleansing that took place as a result of the New Order, but many millions of others died in the Holocaust era, as well. Racial hygiene was a large concept of Nazism, which led to the ongoing creation and enforcement of the Nuremburg Laws. This included targeting children who were disabled, disabled adults, those who were ill or mentally incapable, Jews, communists, homosexuals, and others. Hitler is never believed to have actually visited concentration camps and there was never a public discussion about the genocide that was ongoing during his reign.
Still, his men (known as Nazis or SS men) were following unspoken, unwritten orders. They were shipping millions to work camps, extermination camps, concentration camps, and other killing fields where they were executed in mass quantities for many years. Very few of the people who ever saw the camps made it out alive. In 1945, the Allied powers managed to invade Germany, take Hitler from power, and end World War II. Likely in response to this capture and to avoid prosecution or murder, Hitler and his wife committed suicide on April 30, 1945.